Biofuels for road transport: a seed to wheel perspective by Lucas Reijnders

By Lucas Reijnders

Biofuels for highway shipping: A Seed to Wheel Perspective presents a assessment of the historical past, the present prestige and the impression of biofuels utilized in street shipping, around the complete ‘seed-to-wheel’ lifestyles cycle of those fuels. Successive chapters disguise many concerns proper to the present debate on biofuels, resembling expense, festival with nutrients construction, contribution to strength protection, use of normal assets, and environmental impression. the ultimate bankruptcy addresses universal issues approximately biofuels, together with questions about sustainability and executive policy.

Biofuels for street shipping: A Seed to Wheel Perspective is a worthwhile reference for pro engineers, researchers and postgraduate scholars fascinated with biofuels, renewable strength (including bioenergy) and the automobile industry.

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However, as long as governments do not succeed in fully ‘internalizing’ such external costs, they will have very little impact on economic decision making. So here, only costs borne by the producer will be considered. 25 0 Fossil fuel Sugar cane ethanol Corn ethanol Sugar beet ethanol Wheat ethanol Lignocellulosic ethanol Fig. 3 Fuel costs in US dollars per litre of fossil-fuel-based transport fuel and energetically equivalent amounts for bioethanol varieties in 2006, recalculated from data in Licht 2006; Szklo et al.

Com/jafio/vol5/iss2/art8/ Kondarides DI, Daskalaki VM, Patsoura A,Verykios XE (2008) Hydrogen production by photoinduced reforming of biomass components and derivatives at ambient conditions. Catal Lett 122:26–32 Körbitz W (1999) Biodiesel production in Europe and North America, an encouraging prospect. Renew Energ 16:1078–1083 Lache R, Galves D, Nolan P (2008) Electric cars: plugged in. , New York Lachke A (2002) Biofuel from D -xylose – the second most abundant sugar. Resonance 7:50–58 Lamers P, McCormick K, Hilbert JA (2008) The emerging liquid biofuel market in Argentina: implications for domestic demand and international trade.

Microalgae from Open Ponds and Bioreactors While aiming at transport biofuels, the growth of microalgae with high levels of oil (triacylglycerol) followed by lipid extraction has drawn most attention (Scragg et al. com; Dismukes et al. 2008; Liu et al. 2008). Such lipids can then subsequently be converted into replacements for fossil fuels, in ways similar to vegetable oils from terrestrial plants. There is currently some use of biodiesel based on algal oils, as pointed out above. There have also been proposals to convert algal biomass into methanol via synthesis gas or into bio-oil via pyrolysis (Hirano et al.

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