By Giesbert Lechner, Visit Amazon's Harald Naunheimer Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Harald Naunheimer, , S. Day
Offers a whole account of the advance approach for car transmissions. Seeks to impart strains of reasoning, exhibit techniques, and supply accomplished information for the sensible initiatives.
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Content material: entrance subject, web page iiiCopyright, web page ivContributors, Pages xiii-xviPreface, Pages xvii-xviiiCHAPTER ONE - monetary and Environmental comparability of traditional and substitute motor vehicle techniques, Pages 1-17Chapter - Lifetime rate of Battery, Fuel-Cell, and Plug-in Hybrid electrical autos, Pages 19-60CHAPTER 3 - Relative gasoline financial system power of clever, Hybrid and Intelligent–Hybrid Passenger automobiles, Pages 61-90CHAPTER 4 - cost effective automobile and gasoline expertise offerings in a Carbon-Constrained global: Insights from worldwide power structures Modeling, Pages 91-111CHAPTER 5 - anticipated Greenhouse gasoline Emission savings via Battery, gas cellphone, and Plug-In Hybrid electrical automobiles, Pages 113-158CHAPTER SIX - research of layout Tradeoffs for Plug-in Hybrid autos, Pages 159-191CHAPTER SEVEN - assessment of power intake, Emissions, and prices of Plug-in Hybrid cars, Pages 193-210CHAPTER 8 - bettering Petroleum Displacement strength of PHEVs utilizing more desirable Charging eventualities, Pages 211-225CHAPTER 9 - gasoline mobilephone electrical autos, Battery electrical cars, and their impression on strength garage applied sciences: an outline, Pages 227-245CHAPTER TEN - at the highway functionality Simulation of Battery, Hydrogen, and Hybrid automobiles, Pages 247-273CHAPTER 11 - lifestyles Cycle evaluation of Hydrogen gas mobile and fuel cars, Pages 275-286CHAPTER TWELVE - DOE’s nationwide gasoline telephone automobile studying Demonstration venture: NREL’s facts research effects, Pages 287-303CHAPTER 13 - Battery standards for HEVs, PHEVs, and EVs: an outline, Pages 305-345CHAPTER FOURTEEN - Battery Environmental research, Pages 347-374CHAPTER FIFTEEN - A Roadmap to appreciate Battery functionality in electrical and Hybrid motor vehicle Operation, Pages 375-403CHAPTER 16 - Batteries for PHEVs: evaluating pursuits and the country of know-how, Pages 405-427CHAPTER SEVENTEEN - Battery measurement and capability Use in Hybrid and Plug-In Hybrid electrical cars, Pages 429-461CHAPTER EIGHTEEN - protection of Lithium-Ion Batteries for Hybrid electrical automobiles, Pages 463-491CHAPTER NINETEEN - administration of Batteries for electrical Traction automobiles, Pages 493-515CHAPTER TWENTY - electrical car Charging Infrastructure, Pages 517-543CHAPTER TWENTY ONE - industry customers of electrical Passenger automobiles, Pages 545-577CHAPTER TWENTY - Automakers’ Powertrain techniques for Hybrid and electrical autos, Pages 579-636Appendix, Pages 637-643Index, Pages 645-652
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Extra info for Automotive Transmissions: Fundamentals, Selection, Design and Application
The diﬀerence is that the fuel cell produces and supplies electric power to the electric motor instead of batteries. Most of the vehicle manufacturers and several independent laboratories are involved in fuel cell research and development programs. A number of prototype fuel cell vehicles have been produced, with many being placed in ﬂeets in North America and Europe. FIGURE 1-18 HEV power system. 13 Two humidifiers Hydrogen tank Water filter Terms to Know 14 Air filter Water condenser Compressor expander © Delmar/Cengage Learning Air bag systems Antitheft system Automatic door locks (ADL) Bus Charging system Computer Cruise control Easy exit Electric defoggers Electric vehicle (EV) Electrical accessories Fuel cell Heated windshield system Horn Hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) Ignition switch Intelligent windshield wiper systems Keyless entry system Lighting system Memory seat Multiplexing Network Neutral safety switch Passive restraint systems Power door locks Power mirrors Power windows Starting system Vehicle instrumentation systems Voltage regulator Windshield wipers Fuel cell stacks FIGURE 1-19 Fuel cell vehicle components.
The sum of the voltage drops must equal the source voltage. Source voltage is 12 volts and the sum of the voltage drops is 4 volts + 8 volts = 12 volts. These calculations work for all series circuits, regardless of the number of resistances in the circuit. Refer to Figure 2-22 for an example of a series circuit with four resistors. + V – 1V 1 4 + + V – 4V A 1A 2 + V – 2V 5 V – + 5V FIGURE 2-22 A series circuit used to demonstrate Ohm’s law and voltage drop. 30 © Delmar/Cengage Learning 12 V Total resistance is 12 Ω (1 Ω + 4 Ω + 2 Ω + 5 Ω).
So the voltage drop across R1 is 12 volts, and the voltage drop across R2 is also 12 volts. Using the voltage drops, we can quickly ﬁnd the current that ﬂows through each leg. Since R1 has 3 ohms and drops 12 volts, the current through it must be 4 amps. R2 has 6 ohms and drops 12 volts and its current is 2 amps (I = E/R). The total current ﬂow through the circuit is 4 + 2 or 6 amps. To calculate current in a parallel circuit, each shunt branch is treated as an individual circuit. To determine the branch current, simply divide the source voltage by the shunt branch resistance: I=E÷R Referring to Figure 2-24, the total resistance of a circuit with more than two legs can be calculated with the following formula: 1 RT = ___________________ 1 1 1 1 __ __ __ __ R1 + R + R … R 2 3 n Using Figure 2-24 and its resistance values, total resistance would be calculated by: 1 RT = ____________ 1/4 + 1/6 + 1/8 This means total resistance is equal to the reciprocal of the sum of 1/4 + 1/6 + 1/8.