Automotive Transmissions: Fundamentals, Selection, Design by Giesbert Lechner, Visit Amazon's Harald Naunheimer Page,

By Giesbert Lechner, Visit Amazon's Harald Naunheimer Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Harald Naunheimer, , S. Day

Offers a whole account of the advance approach for car transmissions. Seeks to impart strains of reasoning, exhibit techniques, and supply accomplished information for the sensible initiatives.

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Extra info for Automotive Transmissions: Fundamentals, Selection, Design and Application

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The difference is that the fuel cell produces and supplies electric power to the electric motor instead of batteries. Most of the vehicle manufacturers and several independent laboratories are involved in fuel cell research and development programs. A number of prototype fuel cell vehicles have been produced, with many being placed in fleets in North America and Europe. FIGURE 1-18 HEV power system. 13 Two humidifiers Hydrogen tank Water filter Terms to Know 14 Air filter Water condenser Compressor expander © Delmar/Cengage Learning Air bag systems Antitheft system Automatic door locks (ADL) Bus Charging system Computer Cruise control Easy exit Electric defoggers Electric vehicle (EV) Electrical accessories Fuel cell Heated windshield system Horn Hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) Ignition switch Intelligent windshield wiper systems Keyless entry system Lighting system Memory seat Multiplexing Network Neutral safety switch Passive restraint systems Power door locks Power mirrors Power windows Starting system Vehicle instrumentation systems Voltage regulator Windshield wipers Fuel cell stacks FIGURE 1-19 Fuel cell vehicle components.

The sum of the voltage drops must equal the source voltage. Source voltage is 12 volts and the sum of the voltage drops is 4 volts + 8 volts = 12 volts. These calculations work for all series circuits, regardless of the number of resistances in the circuit. Refer to Figure 2-22 for an example of a series circuit with four resistors. + V – 1V 1 4 + + V – 4V A 1A 2 + V – 2V 5 V – + 5V FIGURE 2-22 A series circuit used to demonstrate Ohm’s law and voltage drop. 30 © Delmar/Cengage Learning 12 V Total resistance is 12 Ω (1 Ω + 4 Ω + 2 Ω + 5 Ω).

So the voltage drop across R1 is 12 volts, and the voltage drop across R2 is also 12 volts. Using the voltage drops, we can quickly find the current that flows through each leg. Since R1 has 3 ohms and drops 12 volts, the current through it must be 4 amps. R2 has 6 ohms and drops 12 volts and its current is 2 amps (I = E/R). The total current flow through the circuit is 4 + 2 or 6 amps. To calculate current in a parallel circuit, each shunt branch is treated as an individual circuit. To determine the branch current, simply divide the source voltage by the shunt branch resistance: I=E÷R Referring to Figure 2-24, the total resistance of a circuit with more than two legs can be calculated with the following formula: 1 RT = ___________________ 1 1 1 1 __ __ __ __ R1 + R + R … R 2 3 n Using Figure 2-24 and its resistance values, total resistance would be calculated by: 1 RT = ____________ 1/4 + 1/6 + 1/8 This means total resistance is equal to the reciprocal of the sum of 1/4 + 1/6 + 1/8.

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