By Roy L. Brooks
Roy L. Brooks reframes probably the most vital, arguable, and misunderstood problems with our time during this far-reaching reassessment of the starting to be debate on black reparation. Atonement and Forgiveness shifts the focal point of the problem from the backward-looking query of reimbursement for sufferers to a extra forward-looking racial reconciliation. supplying a complete dialogue of the heritage of the black redress move, this publication places ahead a robust new plan for repairing the broken courting among the government and black american citizens within the aftermath of 240 years of slavery and one other a hundred years of government-sanctioned racial segregation. Key to Brooks's imaginative and prescient is the government's transparent sign that it is aware the importance of the atrocity it dedicated opposed to an blameless humans, that it takes complete accountability, and that it publicly requests forgiveness--in different phrases, that it apologizes. the govt. needs to make that apology plausible, Brooks explains, by way of a tangible act that turns the rhetoric of apology right into a significant, fabric fact, that's, through reparation. Apology and reparation jointly represent atonement. Atonement, in flip, imposes a reciprocal civic legal responsibility on black american citizens to forgive, which permits black american citizens to begin relinquishing racial resentment and to start trusting the government's dedication to racial equality. Brooks's daring thought situates the argument for reparations inside a bigger, foreign framework--namely, a post-Holocaust imaginative and prescient of presidency accountability for genocide, slavery, apartheid, and related acts of injustice. Atonement and Forgiveness makes a passionate, convincing case that merely with this spirit of heightened morality, id, egalitarianism, and restorative justice can real racial reconciliation ensue in the US.
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Extra resources for Atonement and Forgiveness: A New Model for Black Reparations (George Gund Foundation Book in African American Studies)
41 This statement was perhaps timed to coincide with an important international human rights conference scheduled for that month. From August 31, 2001, to September 8, 2001, government oﬃcials, NGOs (Non-Government Organizations), celebrities, and average citizens met at the World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance held in Durban, South Africa. Although this United Nations–sponsored conference had the potential to give the black redress movement an important boost, it has been largely relegated to the footnotes of history.
The use of these funds can also partially serve as a deciding factor in eligibility for business or land grants— the granting boards for which would be elected by members of Black communities across the country. 31 Portrayed in the media as a “radical” organization, N’COBRA’s web site is replete with a diversity of views on the slave redress question. 32 During the 1990s, other groups and individuals joined N’COBRA in pushing for slave redress. R. 40 supporters who went on to other issues after 1969.
Charles Ball)30 H A R M S TO S L A V E S A N D F R E E B L A C K S 27 Although impossible to conﬁrm, it is estimated that from fourteen to twenty-one million Africans were pressed into slavery in the New World over a 350-year period, and that as many as one-third of them died resisting capture or struggling to survive the “middle passage,” as the voyage to the Americas was commonly called. ” Slaves were packed in ships like sardines, disease was epidemic, and food was scarce and little more than garbage.