By Marta de la Torre
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Extra info for Assessing the Values of Cultural Heritage
In order for heritage to remain relevant to contemporary society, some things have to be continually valorized and added to the heritage, while other things are devalorized and, in eﬀect, destroyed. Therefore, heritage implies destruction, just as it implies conservation. See Lowenthal in Avrami, Mason, and de la Torre (). . There is an extensive literature on indicators used in sustainable ecological development. Bell and Morse () and Hart () are excellent sources on this. References Australia .
The terms market and nonmarket are used here as synonyms for use and nonuse. I believe that this association makes these categories more understandable and accepted among noneconomists, and it follows directly from the clear description David Throsby gives in his paper herein. of methods for gauging heritage values. Positivist methods assume a value-free, objective perspective. They exchange scientiﬁc certainty for value sensitivity. Phenomenological or postpositivist methods, by contrast, embrace the values and politics surrounding any epistemological eﬀort.
Because these values and stakeholders can play a signiﬁcant role in decisions about a site, ecological values may in some instances warrant classiﬁcation as a separate category of heritage value. A deeper exploration of the ecological values of heritage sites is beyond the scope of this paper’s argument. . Similar breakdowns have been made in Frey (), Throsby (), and a World Bank report (Serageldin and Steer ). . Externalities are a third important kind of economic value; they are a spin-oﬀ of the other types of economic values.