Anthropologists and the Rediscovery of America, 1886-1965 by John S. Gilkeson

By John S. Gilkeson

This booklet examines the intersection of cultural anthropology and American cultural nationalism from 1886, while Franz Boas left Germany for the us, until eventually 1965, whilst the nationwide Endowment for the arts used to be proven. 5 chapters hint the advance inside educational anthropology of the options of tradition, social classification, nationwide personality, price, and civilization, and their dissemination to non-anthropologists. As american citizens got here to think about tradition anthropologically, as a "complex complete" a ways broader and extra inclusive than Matthew Arnold's "the top which has been proposal and said," so, too, did they arrive to work out American groups as stratified into social periods distinct through their subcultures; to characteristic the making of the yankee personality to socialization instead of beginning; to find the individuality of yank tradition in its subconscious canons of selection; and to view American tradition and civilization in a world viewpoint.

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Liss, ‘‘German Culture and German Science in the Bildung of Franz Boas,’’ in ‘‘Volksgeist’’ as Method and Ethic, 155–184. In 1956, Boas’s daughter Helen wrote to Alfred Kroeber: ‘‘the ‘aesthetic’ was an important part of my father’s nature. . ’’ Helen Boas Yampolsky to Alfred Kroeber, 18 May 1956, A. L. Kroeber Papers, BANC MSS C-B 925, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley (hereafter Kroeber Papers), reel 49. Franz Boas, ‘‘The Occurrence of Similar Inventions in Areas Widely Apart,’’ Science, 20 May 1887, 485–486; Franz Boas, ‘‘Museums of Ethnology and Their Classification,’’ Science, 17 June 1887, 587–589; both reprinted in The Shaping of American Anthropology, 1883– 1911: A Franz Boas Reader, ed.

While serving as a geographical editor for Science magazine from 1887 until 1889, he learned that his German conception of geography as a human science differed from the prevailing American conception of geography, which Harvard’s William Morris Davis had defined along geomorphological lines. In 1889, Boas left geography for anthropology when he was appointed docent in anthropology at Clark University. D. in anthropology. Next, Boas helped Frederic Ward Putnam to mount ‘‘living exhibits’’ of the world’s peoples at the Columbian Exposition in Chicago, but his failure to secure a permanent curatorial position at the new Columbian Museum condemned him to more than a year of unemployment.

Tylor, Edward Burnett,’’ International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences (New York: Macmillan, 1979), 16:170–177; George W. , Victorian Anthropology (New York: Free Press, 1987), 169–170; Kuklick, The Savage Within, 75–81. 28 Anthropologists and the Rediscovery of America founder of Minden’s Froebel kindergarten, had broken ‘‘the shackles of [Judaic] dogma,’’ and, like so many other assimilated German Jews of that time, subscribed to the liberal ideals of the abortive revolutions of 1848.

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