By Wilson G. Pond, Fuller W. Bazer, Bernard E. Rollin
What constitutes animal welfare? With animals getting used for companionship, carrier, study, foodstuff, fiber, and by-products, animal welfare is a subject of serious curiosity and significance to society. because the world’s inhabitants maintains to extend, an enormous problem for society is the upkeep of a robust and manageable nutrients approach, that's associated with the wellbeing and fitness and luxury of foodstuff animals. Animal Welfare in Animal Agriculture: Husbandry, Stewardship, and Sustainability in Animal Production explores the urgent factor of farm animal welfare in animal construction platforms within the usa and globally.
A framework for open dialogue on animal welfare, this multidisciplinary ebook brings jointly the views of forty hugely certified and famous specialists of their respective fields. Fourteen chapters deal with a variety of subject matters that incorporates ethics, sociology, nutrients security, ecology, feed assets, biotechnology, govt laws, and sustainability, in addition to animal convenience, healthiness, and contributions to society. The publication additionally bargains a historic viewpoint at the progress of animal agriculture from kin farms to business animal agriculture―and the influence this has had on society. Illustrating the range of viewpoints, the concept that of animal welfare is outlined from the views of an ethicist and thinker, a examine scientist, a veterinarian, an industrialist, and an activist, in addition to from the viewpoint of sustainability and product caliber.
Written essentially for college kids, but in addition hugely correct for execs in various fields of academia and undefined, this well timed publication unearths vital insights into animal welfare and animal agriculture. designated in its intensity, breadth, and stability, it underscores the necessity for discussion on wide-ranging and sometimes contentious concerns on the topic of animal construction systems.
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Additional info for Animal welfare in animal agriculture : husbandry, stewardship, and sustainability in animal production
Equids tend to be favored over ruminants for their greater speed in transport. The horse, mule, or donkey is used to provide a daily income, rather as a vehicle would be used, and may be regarded as an expendable item by some, with little care given to working practices or to the animal’s management and health. Cattle, buffalo, and camels generally fare better, largely due to their resale value for meat. Thus, it is not surprising that the nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and animal charities operating to improve working animal welfare and health more often voice welfare concerns for the working horse and donkey than for the ruminant.
In the mammary gland to be harvested from milk). Farm animals also have been recognized for several decades to be useful models for spontaneous animal and human disease, many of which have a clear genetic underpinning, and these animal models are invaluable for the elucidation of the basic disease mechanisms (Andrews, Ward, and Altman, 1979). In the era of modern molecular biology and genetic engineering, genetically engineered rodent models have become the favored models for understanding molecular mechanisms and developing therapeutic interventions such as new pharmacological compounds, biopharmaceuticals, small interfering RNAs, and gene therapy.
In 1796, William Jenner conclusively documented that material in the crusts of cowpox lesions was capable of inducing protective immunity against smallpox, and introduced the concept of vaccination. Louis Pasteur, along with Robert Koch, is credited with the establishment of the germ theory. They used sheep to demonstrate the role of anthrax bacteria in disease and later to develop a protective vaccine for treatment of anthrax. Pasteur’s studies on the elimination of bacterial contamination in fluids, or pasteurization, brought us safe milk products and served as the stimulus for Joseph Lister to develop the principles of aseptic surgery.