Alabama in the Twentieth Century (Modern South) by Wayne Flynt

By Wayne Flynt

An authoritative well known background that areas the nation in neighborhood and nationwide context.Alabama is a country filled with contrasts. at the one hand, it has elected the bottom variety of ladies to the nation legislature of any kingdom within the union; but based on historians it produced of the 10 most vital American girls of the twentieth century—Helen Keller and Rosa Parks. Its everyone is fanatically dedicated to conservative spiritual values; but they freely idolize tarnished soccer courses because the resource in their heroes. electorate who're wondered through Alabama's maddening resistance to alter or its enormously robust feel of culture and neighborhood will locate very important clues and new knowing inside of those pages.Written via passionate Alabamian and comprehensive historian Wayne Flynt, Alabama within the 20th Century bargains aiding arguments for either detractors and admirers of the country. a local son who has lived, enjoyed, taught, debated, and grieved in the country for 60 of the a hundred years defined, the writer doesn't cringe from declaring Alabama's mess ups, reminiscent of the woeful yoke of a 1901 nation structure, the oldest one within the state; nor is he confined in calling consciousness to the state's triumphs opposed to nice odds, resembling its extra special variety of army heroes and talented athletes, its unbelievable array of writers, people artists, and musicians, or its haunting actual attractiveness regardless of a long time of abuse.Chapters are prepared through topic—politics, the economic climate, schooling, African american citizens, girls, the army, recreation, faith, literature, artwork, journalism—rather than chronologically, so the reader can digest the complete sweep of the century on a specific topic. Flynt’s writing variety is attractive, descriptive, freed from litter, but in response to sound scholarship. This ebook deals academics and readers alike the mammoth variety and complexity of Alabama's triumphs and occasional issues in a defining century.

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Ideologically they were evenly split, with 8 identi¤able conservatives, 7 who followed a more progressive path (except, of course, on race before the 1980s), and 6 of mixed ideology (several served partial terms too short to identify ideologically). , and Siegelman) served for nearly a third of the century (although 2 of the 7 were lieutenant governors who inherited the governor’s of¤ce and were defeated when they ran for full terms).

Supreme Court declared section 232 of the Alabama constitution unconstitutional at the end of the century, throwing the state into yet another ¤nancial crisis. At least by then the state had nearly a century’s experience dealing with ¤nancial crises generated by the ®awed tax structure created by the 1901 constitution. The primary state function crippled by insuf¤cient tax revenue was education. The problems were fourfold: citizens’ historic resistance to taxation; lack of commitment to education; inadequate funding; unpredictable and unreliable existing funding.

Ironically, one of the major projects funded with the contributions was a new football stadium for the consolidated Coosa County High School. Other money went for books and computers, although schools could not afford professional improvement days for teachers to become pro¤cient in new technology or teachers’ aides to help children use computers. Lack of adequate funding left school systems in shambles. Schools asked parents to donate paper, pencils, even cleanser and toilet tissue. Public schools increasingly charged students what amounted to tuition (though they were called “recommended donations”).

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