By Meyer Fortes
AFRICAN POLITICAL structures by way of Fortes, Meyer CONTENTS: EDITORS' be aware. PREFACE. Professor A. R. Radcliffe-Brown, M.A. (Cantab.), Emeritus Professor of Social Anthropology within the collage of Oxford advent. Dr. M. Fortes and Professor E. E. Evans-Pntchard goals of this e-book. A consultant pattern of African. Societies. Political Philosophy and Comparative Politics. the 2 different types of Political method Studied. Kinship in Political association. The impact of Demography. The effect of Mode of Livelihood. Composite Political structures and the Conquest concept. The Territorial element. The stability of Forces within the Political procedure, The prevalence and serve as of Organised strength. adjustments in line with ecu Rule. the paranormal Values linked to Political workplace. the matter of the bounds of the Political workforce. the dominion OF THE ZULU OF SOUTH AFRICA. Max Gluckman. B.A. (How.) (Witwatersrand), D.Phil. (Oxon). Professor of Social Anthropology within the collage of Manchester historic advent. The Zulu King and the nation. prestige and Political energy. The Tribes in the kingdom, Sanctions on Authority and the soundness of the kingdom. the folk and their Leaders. The interval of ecu Rule. end. THE POLITICAL association OF THE NGWATO OF BECHUANALAND PROTECTORATE. /. Schapera, M.A, (Cape town), Ph.D., D.Sc.(London), F.R.S.S.Af. Professor of Social Anthropology within the collage of Cape toton Ethnic Composition and Territorial structure. the executive process. Powers and Authority of the manager. Rights and obligations of Chieftainship. THE POLITICAL procedure OF THE BEMBA TRIBE NORTHEASTERN RHODESIA. Audrey I. Richards, M.A«(Cantab\ Ph.D.(London). Reader in Social Anthropology on the London tuition of Economics and Political technology, collage of London 83Bantu Political association a few basic positive factors The Bemba Tribe: Tribal Composition Social Grouping Kinship neighborhood Grouping Rank different ideas of Social Grouping monetary history White management. Bases of Authority: The Dogma of Descent felony principles of Descent and Succession. capabilities and Prerogatives of Authority: The Headman the executive. The equipment of presidency: Administrative army Judicial Advisory, the combination of the Tribe. Post-European adjustments: New specialists brought results of the 1929 Ordinances. the dominion OF ANKOLE IN UGANDA ok. Oberg, A.M., Ph.D.(Chicago)t Escola Livre de Sociologia e Politica, SSo Paulo, Brazil conventional and historic historical past. Political prestige, the King and the Royal Kraal. Tribute. The Cult of Bagyendanwa. Succession. end.
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In tribe i, X, Y, and Z are the homesteads of the chief and two of his important brothers the men of the tribe are attached to these homesteads to constitute the military divisions of the tribe. In tribe 1 1 the dots represent homesteads spread over the country. Equlusini and Ekubuseni are royal homesteads which were heads of national army divisions, though they lay outside the King's area. is Mpande. a sketch of the territorial organization of the It is : , AFRICAN POLITICAL SYSTEMS 28 passed from Britain to Natal and in 1910 to the Union of South Africa.
We do not mean to suggest that the political systems of societies which have a high degree of general cultural resemblance are necessarily of the same type, though on the whole they tend to be. However, it is well to bear in mind that within a single linguistic or cultural area we often find political systems which are very unlike one another in many important features. Conversely, the same kind of political structures are found in societies of totally different culture. This can be seen even in the eight societies in this book.
It must not be forgotten, also, that in the_£qlitical systems are counterbalancing by such as rights to main reward of political poj^er and an essential means institutionalized INTRODUCTION those also who ^ 9 maximum economic benefit from political office maximum administrative, judicial, and religious derive have the responsibilitiesT^ Compared with and the societies of Group A, distinctions of rank minor significance in societies of Group B. ,. ^ VIII. Composite Political Systems and the Conquest Theory It might be held that societies like the Logoli, Tallensi, and Nuer, without central government or administrative machinery, develop into states like the Ngwato, Zulu, and Banyankole as a result of conquest.