Advances in the Economics of Aging (National Bureau of by David A. Wise

By David A. Wise

This quantity offers cutting edge study on problems with significance to the health and wellbeing of older people: exertions industry habit, wellbeing and fitness care, housing and dwelling preparations, and saving and wealth.Specific subject matters contain the impact of work industry rigidities at the employment of older staff; the impact on retirement of the provision of continuation assurance advantages; and the effect of the possible cost procedure (PPS) on emerging Medicare charges. additionally thought of are the results of health and wellbeing and wealth on residing association judgements; the motivation results of employer-provided pension plans; the measure of substitution among 401(k) plans and different employer-provided retirement saving preparations; and the level to which housing wealth determines how a lot the aged retailer and consume.Two ultimate stories use simulations that describe the consequences of stylized fiscal types of habit one of the aged. This well timed quantity could be of curiosity to a person interested by the economics of getting older.

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As this discussion suggests, older workers who change employers, whether the change is to full-time or part-time employment,can expect a fall in productivity because of the loss of specific human capital. Furthermore, because of a short payback period on the new job, extensive job search to find the best match is not warranted, so the starting wage will be lower than the highest that could be found in the market. The new employee cannot expect rapid wage growth because, again, the short payback period will cause the new employer not to want to invest in specific human capital.

Part-time work will be associated with low pay, and there will be a minimum number of hours of work. The relationship between hours and the wage rate will vary across occupations and industries because of the variation 30 Michael D. Hurd in fixed costs; similarly the minimum number of hours will vary across occupations and industries. 2 Factors Particularly Affecting Older Workers This section discusses other factors that particularly affect older workers, and how normal work practices affect the labor market activity of older workers.

Hurd cussed above: in cross-section data the composition of the labor force cannot be kept constant as age increases because the least productive (least healthy) will leave the sample of workers. This is alleviated but not eliminated in panel data: we observe the same individuals as they age, so we may be able to conclude correctly that the productivity of the individuals who remain in the labor force does not fall. But, if workers whose productivity begins to fall leave the labor force, we may conclude, possibly incorrectly, that the productivity of the cohort does not fall with age.

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