Addiction and self-control : perspectives from philosophy, by Neil Levy

By Neil Levy

Habit turns out to contain an important measure of lack of keep watch over over behaviour, but it is still mysterious how one of these lack of keep watch over happens and the way it may be appropriate with the retention of organization. This assortment, which arose out of a convention held on the college of Oxford, brings jointly philosophers, neuroscientists and psychologists with the purpose of realizing this lack of regulate from a perspective Read more...

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This booklet brings leading edge neuroscience and psychology into discussion with philosophical mirrored image to light up the lack of keep watch over skilled by way of addicts, and thereby forged gentle on ordinary Read more...

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2010b) Procrastination, the basic impulse. In C. Andreou & M. ), The Thief of Time: Philosophical Essays on Procrastination.  11–27. Ainslie, G. (2011) Free will as recursive self-prediction: Does a deterministic mechanism reduce responsibility? ), Addiction and Responsibility.  55–87. Ainslie, G. (2012) Pure hyperbolic discount curves predict “eyes open” self-control. Theory and Decision 73, 3–34. , & Monterosso, J. (2002) Hyperbolic discounting lets empathy be a motivated process. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25, 20–21.

What motivates people to gamble is the reward of the suspenseful activity; minus the suspense, the same activity would be a dull routine. But the suspense is not intrinsic to the activity abstracted from its social and economic context. Most gamblers cannot sustain interest in playing for matchsticks or worthless chips; something of real value must be at stake. In consequence, longer-range rewards that could be purchased if the stakes were not gambled away compete against the immediate value of the entertaining excitement, and the gambler is in the situation of ambivalent choice that Ainslie has devoted his career as a scholar to elaborating through the model of hyperbolic discounting.

6 We get the most satisfaction from emotion, even turning fear and grief into positive experiences (as in horror films and tear-jerkers, respectively). Sensual pleasure is a poor second, although we do use imagination to heighten it by cultivating appetites for various patterns of sight, sound, taste, and touch. ” There has been no good term for the reward that does not require an association with physical events; it could be called mental reward, self-reward, or process reward, but these terms all have extraneous connotations.

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