ADD ADHD Alternatives in the Classroom by Thomas Armstrong

By Thomas Armstrong

What does it suggest to a child to be categorized attention-deficit disordered (ADD)? Or to have "hyperactive" further to the label (ADHD)? What can lecturers do to spice up the luck of scholars with realization and behavioral problems? Are we depending too a lot on medicine for those teenagers and never sufficient on new views on studying, baby improvement, the kid's socioeconomic and cultural history, organic and mental learn, and the learner's emotional and social wishes? Armstrong urges educators and fogeys to seem for the confident features in novices who may possibly hold the ADD/ADHD label. Are they bursting with power? Are they intensely inventive? Do they get pleasure from hands-on studying? Are they ordinary leaders? Are they surprisingly introspective and reflective? we have to glance past a "deficit" procedure and embody a extra holistic view of rookies that incorporates instructing to their a number of intelligences, studying types, and different brain-friendly methods. for instance, right here are a few lecture room actions for children who "can't sit down still": - studying spelling phrases via having children bounce up out in their seats at the vowels and take a seat at the consonants. - getting to know the multiplication tables via forming a conga line, relocating round the lecture room counting from 1 to 30 out loud, and on each a number of of three shaking their hips and legs. - displaying styles of molecular bonding in chemistry type via a "swing your atom" sq. dance. Thomas Armstrong, an educator and psychologist from Sonoma County, California, has greater than 26 years of training event, from the first during the doctoral point. he's the writer of 2 different ASCD books, "Multiple Intelligences within the lecture room" and "Awakening Genius within the Classroom."

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1995). A final psychological interpretation of an ADD/ADHD-identified child’s behavior comes to us from temperament studies. Psychologists have observed for decades that children come into life with already existing personality styles or temperaments that strongly influence them throughout their lives. One particular theory developed by Stella Chess and Alexander Thomas at New York University suggests that children are born with one of three possible temperaments: the easy child, the slow-to-warm child, and the difficult child (Chess & Thomas, 1996).

As one of the nation’s leading authorities on ADD/ADHD, Russell Barkley, put it when referring to such kids: “The classroom is their Waterloo” (Moses, 1990a, p. 34). What Barkley is speaking of here is the traditional American classroom: straight desks, teacher lecturing at the front of the room, textbooks and worksheets, and lots of listening, waiting, following directions, and reading and writing. ALTERNATIVES TO THE ADD/ADHD PARADIGM 37 In classroom learning environments where kids labeled hyperactive or ADHD have the opportunity to engage in movement, handson learning, cooperative learning, arts education, project-based learning, or other innovative designs, their behavior is much less likely to be problematic (Eddowes, Aldridge, & Culpepper, 1994; Jacob, O’Leary, & Rosenblad, 1978; Zentall, 1980, 1993a).

S. S. Government, and in 1975, in helping to ensure school services for this disability under Public ADD/ADHD ALTERNATIVES IN THE CLASSROOM 26 Law 94-142, the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (Lynn, 1979; Sigmon, 1987). ) in 1987. Curiously, however, parents’ efforts to have ADD/ADHD legislatively approved as a handicapping condition was thwarted in 1990; Congress refused to list ADD/ADHD as a handicapping condition under new special education laws (Moses, 1990b). S. Department of Education letter to chief state school officers explaining how ADD/ADHD services could be obtained through existing federal laws (R.

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