By Glen Broman
Museum Ordnance certain makes a speciality of a specific car, sequence of cars, or clash. Designed basically for modellers they're illustrated with b/w images drawings all through.
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Extra resources for Abrams Main Battle Tank M1A1 and M1A2
If you suspect a problem of this type, the connecting rods can be checked for hardness in an appropriately equipped machine shop. Hardness in the T beam area is first measured and then the piston pin end of the rod in order to make a direct comparison. An overheated piston pin end will be well down on hardness (usually measured with a Rockwell hardness tester using the C scale). This test settles any doubt as to the integrity of the material strength of the connecting rod. PISTON PIN TO CONNECTING ROD FIT The piston pin end of the standard connecting rod is designed to have what is called a press fit/interference fit between the piston pin and the piston pin bore.
The connecting rod bearing end of the connecting rod is held in a large vice which has protective shields fitted (tin plate or panel steel). With the connecting rod held as suggested, the bolts are driven out using a mild steel drift punch (25mm/lin diameter) which is hit with a hammer. The reason for using the drift punch is to avoid any possibility of hammer contact with the mating surface of the connecting rod as this could render the connecting rod useless. If the bolts are very tight, the connecting rod may start to move in the vice.
This would include crack testing, straightness testing, connecting rod bearing bore resizing and the fitting of new connecting rod bolts. All connecting rods (new or used) have to have the bearings check fitted into them to ensure 'bearing crush' is correct and that the inside diameter of the bearing tunnel is compatible with the crankshaft journal diameter. All other aspects of 'check fitting' these connecting rods into an engine block are the same as for the stock type of connecting rod. The piston pin retention method may vary by way of being a press fit or fully floating and the side clearance be slightly more than stock, but the basic principles of 'check fitting' remain the same.