A Windfall of Musicians: Hitler's Emigres and Exiles in by Dorothy Lamb Crawford

By Dorothy Lamb Crawford

This publication is the 1st to ascertain the bright amassing of composers, conductors, and different musicians who fled Nazi Germany and arrived within the l. a. zone. Musicologist Dorothy Lamb Crawford seems to be heavily on the lives, inventive paintings, and effect of 16 performers, fourteen composers, and one opera degree director, who joined this giant migration starting within the Nineteen Thirties. a few during this workforce have been recognized after they fled Europe, others could achieve attractiveness within the younger musical tradition of la, and nonetheless others struggled to set up themselves in an atmosphere usually immune to musical innovation. Emphasizing person voices, Crawford provides brief graphics of Igor Stravinsky, Arnold Schoenberg, and the opposite musicians whereas additionally contemplating their effect as a group—in the movie undefined, in tune associations in and round la, and as academics who educated the following iteration. The e-book finds a uniquely bright period while Southern California turned a hub of extraordinary musical expertise.

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There Schoenberg threw his considerable energy into plans to rescue Europe’s Jews, setting aside his composing. In July he rejoined the Jewish religion in Paris, thirty-five years after leaving Judaism as a twenty-fouryear-old in Vienna. In Germany in the early 1930s, Stravinsky’s works were the most often performed of all non-German composers. With his German publisher Schott’s EUROPE 15 frequent advice, Stravinsky campaigned to maintain his status in the country that provided the greatest share of his income.

These concerts took place in the roof studio designed for the purpose by Rudolf Schindler in the Yates’s house. 16 In contrast to the rest of the area, by the 1930s internationalism was a welcoming factor the musicians found well established in and around Hollywood. Not only were the studio moguls themselves Jewish European emigrants from a previous generation, but since the 1920s they had been importing film talent from Europe and England. Vicki Baum, whose novel Grand Hotel was made into an Oscar-winning film by MGM in 1931; scenarist Salka Viertel, who wrote exclusively for Greta Garbo; directors Berthold Viertel and William Dieterle; and the actress Luise Rainer were among many in Hollywood’s German-speaking community who were generous in their help for many of the arriving émigrés.

22 Roosevelt’s death in April 1945 shocked and grieved the émigré community. ”23 Thomas PARADISE? 33 Mann, since 1940 the leading figure among the German-speaking circles in the area, expressed the feeling of émigré Europeans when he wrote about the beloved president in a letter, “This is no longer the country to which we came. ”24 Many well-known German literary figures, including Thomas and Heinrich Mann, Bertolt Brecht, Alfred Döblin, Leonhard Frank, Bruno Frank, Emil Ludwig, Erich Maria Remarque, and Ludwig Marcuse, haunted by the loss of their language, left the Los Angeles area after the war—some for political reasons in the McCarthy era.

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