A History of Twelfth-Century Western Philosophy by Peter Dronke

By Peter Dronke

This can be the 1st accomplished learn of the philosophical achievements of twelfth-century Western Europe. it's the collaboration of fifteen students whose specified survey makes obtainable the highbrow preoccupations of the interval, with all texts stated in English translation all through. After a dialogue of the cultural context of twelfth-century hypothesis, and a few of the most streams of concept - Platonic, Stoic, and Arabic - that quickened it, comes a characterisation of the hot difficulties and views of the interval, in medical inquiry, speculative grammar, and good judgment. this is often through a better exam of the certain positive aspects of a few of the main leading edge thinkers of the time, from Anselm and Abelard to the varsity of Chartres. a last part indicates the impression of newly recovered works of Aristotle within the twelfth-century West.

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Sylla (Dordrecht-Boston 1975), pp. 437-9; Franco Alessio, 'La filosofia e le "artes mechanicae" nel secolo xn', Studi Medievali, ser. 3, vi (1965) 110-29; Maurice de Gandillac, 'Place et signification de la technique dans le monde medieval', in Tecnica e casistica (Rome 1964), pp. 265-75. 24 Background Moreover, the emphasis on coherence and the sense of new goals is often misleading. The concern to expand the scope of systematic study is continually undermined by an inadequate appreciation of the properties of the individual Arts, and an inability to distinguish their proper domains.

34 Jeauneau 1963. Philosophy, cosmology and the Renaissance 33 marked in the work of William, and represents another area in which the work of these thinkers combines the old and the new. Bernard of Chartres, in many ways the father of the group, has been called the last of the Carolingian grammarians,35 and in what we know of his teaching there is little that differs from the methods of glossing curriculum authors that had been used by Eriugena and Remigius of Auxerre. The scope and emphasis of William's glosses on Plato and Boethius are anticipated in Eriugena's pioneering commentary on Martianus Capella; both authors juxtapose discourse on psychological and cosmological topics with moralizing mythography and attempts to extract meaning from etymology and the minutiae of syntax.

Webb (Oxford 1929), p. 205. Philosophy, cosmology and the Renaissance 35 secondary forms which 'dispose' matter, and which he equates with the Aristotelian endelichia or forma corporis that draws the sheer potentiality of matter into particular things. 41 The doctrine of formae nativae proved remarkably stimulating for both theological speculation and poetry. Its Aristotelian tendency is developed in a commentary on Boethius' De trinitate attributed to Thierry, where form and matter become actus and possibilitas respectively, and appears in various ways in other commentaries associated with Thierry's name; 42 Bernard's concern with the relations of immanent and transcendent form appears again in the trinitarian speculations of Gilbert of Poitiers.

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