Guide to the Collision Avoidance Rules - International by A.N. Cockcroft

By A.N. Cockcroft

This e-book is the basic connection with the secure operation of all vessels at sea. released continually on the grounds that 1965, this revered and specialist consultant is the vintage textual content for all who have to essentially and legally comprehend and agree to ‘The Rules’. This 7th variation comprises the whole textual content of the foreign laws for combating Collisions at Sea, with useful dialogue of the results of the principles incorporated along all updates obvious through the years, together with the newest amendments which got here into strength in December 2007. The booklet units out the ‘COLREGs’ with transparent rationalization in their that means, and provides special examples of the way the foundations were utilized in perform by means of seafarers, in addition to excerpts from court docket judgments to demonstrate how they've been interpreted in perform. Written for seagoing engineers, navigating officials, senior workforce, cadets and people in education, plus send operators, marine attorneys and someone keen on the secure operation of delivery, this is often an important reference at sea and on shore.

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Example text

Mr Justice Hewson, 1963) Interference Proper use of controls should normally enable ship echoes to be distinguished from clutter due to waves and precipitation but such interference may sometimes be so severe that even large targets may be obscured. Echoes from small craft are especially likely to remain undetected when such interference is present. The effect of rain clutter is much less when using 10 cm wavelength than when using 3 cm. This is often also the case with clutter caused by sea return.

Small craft and ice Minor targets such as small coastal vessels and trawlers should normally be detected at distances greater than 6 miles, provided the set is properly adjusted, but yachts, open boats and other small craft, especially boats of fibreglass construction, usually give poor echoes and may not be detected in time to take effective avoiding action. The fitting of an efficient radar reflector is likely to considerably increase the probability of being detected and may double the range of detection for a small vessel.

The United Kingdom Government subsequently issued a Marine Guidance Note (MGN 349) which recommends that yachtsmen should permanently fit, not just carry on board, a radar reflector or radar target enhancer that offers the largest radar cross section practicable for their vessel. It is emphasised that the reflector must be mounted at a minimum height of 3 m (preferably 4 m) to take it out of any wave obscuration effects and give a potential detection range of 5 nm. The following two collisions, which occurred off the coasts of the United States, illustrate the danger of placing too much reliance on radar in areas where small craft may be encountered.

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