A Brief History of Bolivia by Waltraud Q. Morales

By Waltraud Q. Morales

Compliment for the former variation: ...the author's devotion to Bolivia and problem for its destiny shines through...Recommended.--Choice

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Atahuallpa: Ruler of Quito, defeated and killed his brother, Huáscar, and was himself captured and killed by the Spanish conqueror, Francisco Pizarro. but otherwise, family plots were farmed only by that family. Additionally, there was an involuntary labor system called the mita that forced all able-bodied males to serve the Sapa-Inca. In this way the empire ensured that it had the necessary manpower to supply soldiers for the imperial army and laborers to build and maintain imperial roads and irrigation systems and to work the state mines.

The Spaniards melted down these priceless treasures into 13,420 pounds of 22-carat gold and 26,000 pounds of pure silver (Burkholder and Johnson 1994, 46). Each foot soldier in the Spanish expedition received 45 pounds of gold and 90 pounds of silver; a cavalryman received 90 pounds of gold and 180 pounds of silver; an army captain’s share was greater yet. As adelantado, Francisco Pizarro received 630 pounds of gold and 1,260 pounds of silver (Burkholder and Johnson 1994, 46). The men commanded by Pizarro’s erstwhile colleague Diego de Almagro arrived too late to take part in the massacre at Cajamarca, so their shares were much less, feeding the factionalism that would lead to civil war in later years.

The Spaniards melted down these priceless treasures into 13,420 pounds of 22-carat gold and 26,000 pounds of pure silver (Burkholder and Johnson 1994, 46). Each foot soldier in the Spanish expedition received 45 pounds of gold and 90 pounds of silver; a cavalryman received 90 pounds of gold and 180 pounds of silver; an army captain’s share was greater yet. As adelantado, Francisco Pizarro received 630 pounds of gold and 1,260 pounds of silver (Burkholder and Johnson 1994, 46). The men commanded by Pizarro’s erstwhile colleague Diego de Almagro arrived too late to take part in the massacre at Cajamarca, so their shares were much less, feeding the factionalism that would lead to civil war in later years.

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